Causes and risks of pneumonia

Causes of pneumonia

There are different causes of pneumonia that include different germs. Some most common causes are:

  • Bacteria: Bacterial pneumonia are caused by bacteria like Streptococcus pneumoniae.
  • Viruses: Different viruses like flu viruses and influenza viruses cause the viral pneumonia.
  • Mycoplasmas
  • Fungi and such infectious agents
  • Various type of chemicals

It is known that the people who have viral pneumonia, are at high risk of getting bacterial pneumonia.
Knowing the cause of pneumonia is necessary because doctors can only start the treatment after fully diagnosing the disease.

What Increases Your Risk of pneumonia?

Anyone can get pneumonia, but there are some risk factors that make some people at higher risk than others.

Here are some risk factors that increase your chances of getting pneumonia:

  • Smoking: Smoking causes whole lot of problem and pneumonia is one of them.
  • Recent respiratory infection: If you have had a cold, influenza, etc. recently, then you are at higher risk of being diagnosed with pneumonia.
  • Other condition that cause difficulty in swallowing like dementia, stroke, Parkinson’s disease, or other neurological conditions
  • Chronic lung diseases
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Heart disease, diabetes, or liver cirrhosis
  • Living in a medical facility can also get you exposed to different types of  harmful germs
  • Recent surgery or trauma: If you recently had a surgery, that makes you more vulnerable to not only pneumonia but all sorts of infections because the immune system is recovering and is not so strong.
  • Weakened immune system  caused by illness, autoimmune disorders, or certain medications

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