Symptoms and Causes of vitiligo
Vitiligo is a disease or disorder in which white patches appear on skin on different parts of the body. IT is due to the destruction of the cells that make color in the skin. The cells that make such pigment is called melanocytes and melanin hormone helps in doing so. Vitiligo doesn’t only affect the skin but also the mucouse membrane that is a tissue inside nose and mouth and also the eye. It is also known as leucoderma which means white patches on the skin and it is called vitiligo when there is no preceding disease.
Symptoms of vitiligo
The sign of getting vitiligo problem is of course the white patches on the skin. Mostly, the patches appear more abundant in the areas of the skin which are more exposed to the sun. It can appear on arms, hands, lips, face, and feet. It has been known that these patches generally appear more on the skin parts that are exposed to the sun. The patches may be on the hands, feet, arms, face, and lips. Here are some common areas where this might be seen.
- On the armpits and groin
- Around the mouth
- Rectal areas
Also, vitiligo-affected peoplemay experience their hair turning gray on the affected area. People with darker complexion might experience discolor inside their mouth as well.
Risk Factors of vitiligo
So what kind of people are prone to vitiligo? This problem generally develops in one’s twenties but it is not a rule and it can occur at any age. It affects all races and gender in the same way. However, it is more noticeable in people with darker complexion. It has been known that people with autoimmune disease are more prone to getting vitiligo that those who do not have it.
This problem is known to run in families as well. If you have vitiligo, your child might have it too but chances of not having it is more than having it according to known data.
Causes of vitiligo?
Though a lot of people get this problem, cause is mostly unknown. It can be an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases are diseases that is caused when your immune system attacks your own body parts by mistake. So, it can be considered that vitiligo might destroy melanocytes in the skin which will result in discolor. Some genes may also make a person more prone or less prone.
Some studies also suggest that melanocytes kill themselves due to some events such as sunburn or any kind of emotional distress.
It is a subtype of vitiligo and is characterized by its rapid stabilization, early onset and unilateral distribution. Segmental vitiligo and its mechanism is quite controversial and unlike general vitiligo, it does not should any accumulating evidence regarding an autoimmune response.