Gestational Diabetes Signs and Symptoms that can Save Your Life
Gestational diabetes signs and symptoms occur during pregnancy. Pregnant women over the age of 35, overweight, or have a family heredity of diabetes are mostly suffered from gestational diabetes. It can cause the fetus to be larger than normal. As a result, delivery of the baby may be more complicated.
- 1 Overview of gestational diabetes
- 2 Causes gestational diabetes
- 3 Gestational diabetes signs and symptoms
Overview of gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a sort of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. About 4% of all pregnancies are suffered by gestational diabetes every year in the US. It is a temporary type of diabetes in which the body does not produce sufficient amounts of insulin to regulate sugar during pregnancy. However, gestational diabetes signs and symptoms can even last after the delivery in some cases.
Causes gestational diabetes
During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones which can lead to a buildup of glucose in your blood. A large amount of glucose cause resistant to insulin that leads gestational diabetes.
Insulin is a hormone made by particular cells in the pancreas that allows the body to metabolize glucose into energy efficiently. When the level of insulin is low in our body, the sugar level rises ultimately, and the gestational diabetes signs and symptoms occur.
Gestational diabetes signs and symptoms
Gestational diabetes usually does not show any noticeable signs or symptoms, or the symptoms can be confusing. Testing may be done few weeks after the pregnancy to make sure your blood sugar level is in the normal range. Gestational diabetes signs and symptoms are similar to another kind of diabetes or prediabetes. Eight of them are explain in detail below.
1. Urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence is a failure of control of the bladder. That refers to gestational diabetes signs and symptoms. Pregnant woman with gestational diabetes experience minor urine leaks due to stress on the muscles even by a sneezing or coughing. They often lose their control over the urination.
2. Numbness in the hands/feet
Numbness is an abnormal sensation which is part of gestational diabetes signs and symptoms. It usually occurs temporarily due to the compression of a nerve or bunch of nerves by extra fat in your feet and hands. Therefore, if you are pregnant and frequently feeling numbness, then it must be gestational diabetes.
3. Thirsty feeling and dry mouth
Feeling too much thirst almost every hour and having a dry mouth is also gestational diabetes signs and symptoms. During gestational diabetes, you go for urination abnormally that cause kind of dehydrated situation. Because of dehydration, you feel thirst and dry mouth.
4. Feeling very hungry
Feeling hungrier in pregnancy than usual is common but feeling too much hungry may be the gestational diabetes signs and symptoms. You will eat nonstop almost every hour, but your hunger won’t satisfy. That causes an increase in fat and sugar level in your body.
5. Extreme fatigue
Fatigue is a condition in which you feel lack of energy and motivation, both physically and mentally. Gestational diabetes signs and symptoms include extreme fatigue. Once you get gestational diabetes, you will feel fatigue all day without doing any laborious work. It happens because your body cannot convert glucose into the energy due to the lack of insulin.
6. Blurry vision
Blurry vision is another gestational diabetes signs and symptoms. High sugar levels in blood sugar caused by diabetes can affect your ability to see by affecting the lens inside the eye to swell, which can result in temporary blurring of eyesight.
7. Slow healing of wounds
In gestational diabetes, healing of wounds tends slower and get worse faster. High sugar levels damage nerve and blood vessel that can slow down the ability of the body to heal wounds. In this way, we can say that slow healing of wounds is also gestational diabetes signs and symptoms.
8. A headache with heaviness
Similarly, headache and heaviness of forehead are another gestational diabetes signs and symptoms. Lack of energy, oversleep, dehydration, etc. are the reason for a headache and heaviness in gestational diabetes.