8 Things to Care during Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology is a major life-threatening medical condition, which is found in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It occurs when the body produces a high level of blood acids called ketones and couldn’t produce enough insulin.

This condition appears due to the autoimmune disorder that destroys the beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin plays a key role in helping sugar (glucose) to enter into cells which gives energy to the muscles and tissues. The fat in our body cannot break down as energy because of lack insulin, which causes metabolic disorders such as hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis, and ketonuria.

In Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology, kidneys begin an exhaustive effort to eliminate the ketones and sugar from the blood. This requires a lot of urinary output that causes loss of up to 10% of total body fluids, resulting in dehydration. The fluid loss results in the loss of electrolytes such as chloride, potassium, and sodium.

Loss of these electrolytes can cause serious damage to our body and may become the reason for death. Therefore the finding out of its symptoms, diagnosis, and cure in time is very important. So, we will discuss its symptoms, diagnosis, and things to care during Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology in detail.


Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology occur within 24 hours. Its common and early effects are an insidious increase in polydipsia and polyuria, which can show following symptoms: –

• Weakness and fatigability.
• Nausea and vomiting with abdominal pain.
• Rapid weight loss.
• Alternation of consciousness like mild disorientation or confusion.
• Fever, coughing, chest pain, etc.


Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology can be diagnosed by general examination and by some medical tests. Its general findings and examinations include following things:

• Dry and whitish skin.
• Dry mucous membranes.
• Labored respiration.
• Decreased impulses.
• Ketotic breath odor.
• Hypotension and Tachypnea.

After finding signs of this condition mentioned above, doctors recommend following initial and repeat laboratory studies to patients :

• Serum glucose levels test.
• Serum electrolytes level test.
• Bicarbonate level test.
• Urine dipstick and Ketone level test.
• ABG measurements and CBC count etc.

Eight things to care during Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology

It is necessary to educate patients in the prevention of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology to avoid the serious medical condition. The patient should be given several pieces of advice to ensure careful monitoring of blood glucose levels and other things during Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology. Following eight pieces of advice can help the patients to manage Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

1. Commitment to managing Diabetic Ketoacidosis

The first thing to care in Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology is your commitment to tackling it. Make clear mind that you have to get out of this condition, which is possible, and apply it in daily routine. Do everything that can reduce the Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

2. Collect all the information

As a Diabetic Ketoacidosis patient, you should collect all required information about it. You must understand what it is, how it occurs, its preventive measures, ways to handle it and places to visit in case of emergency. That you are doing right now.

3. Eat healthily and be active

The next thing is to care during Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology is eat healthy food and maintain an active lifestyle. Only eat food that does not increase your sugar level. Physical activities play a vital role in handling the Diabetic Ketoacidosis. Therefore engage in physical activities as much as you can.

4. Take medicines and insulin properly

Similarly, it is necessary to take all medicines directed by the physician in time properly to handle Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology. Do not leave even a single dose. You can set a reminder on a cell phone to be sure that you do not forget any dose of medicines. If your sugar level increases rapidly, adjust it by taking insulin under the supervision of medical personnel.

5. Monitor the blood sugar level

Another thing to care during Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology is monitoring your blood sugar level on a regular basis. Careful monitoring is the only way that can keep blood sugar level within your target range. You can take laboratory test at least four times a month, or you can use the handy medical device to check sugar level as your comfort at home.

6. Monitor the Ketone level

Just like monitoring your sugar level, it is also essential to monitor the Ketone level in your body to calm down Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology. It can be checked by taking a urine test when you feel ill or under stress. There are over-the-counter urine ketones test kits available on the market that you can use very easily at home to monitor Ketone level. Contact your doctor or look for emergency care when you found the high level of Ketone in your urine.

7. Stay hydrated

As we already know that Diabetic Ketoacidosis is caused by excess amount of Ketone in our body and our body excretes it through urination. Therefore when you have a high level of Ketone in your body, you should drink a lot of water so that your body system releases it through urine. Also take electrolyte supplements such as chloride, potassium, and sodium provided by your doctor.

8. Prepare yourself for emergency

The last thing you should care for Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology is preparing yourself for an emergency that can occur anytime. You must save money for the emergency treatment and keep phone numbers of all available emergency health services in your area.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology may be life-threatening, but proper management of it can play a huge role to minimize the risk. So, if you are facing this kind of health problem, you must follow the caring tips explained above. Visit your doctor regularly for proper treatment until it comes under control.

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