8 Ways to Get Rid Of Shoulder Pain

We experience pain in our arm/shoulder very often in our day to day activity and most of the times we ignore it because it is not that bad. But sometimes this pain can get worse and can imply a lot of things. Shoulder pain can be due to surrounding ligaments or muscles as well as some joints. Shoulder pain introduced from the joint can get worse with movement.

There are whole variety of things that can cause shoulder pain and they are listed below. The terms in the list can be overwhelming but you can read the short descriptions to make sure what they mean.
Symptoms of shoulder pain can include some of the below mentioned causes and also muscle cramps:
Causes of Shoulder pain

The causes of shoulder pain are:

  • Avascular necrosis: It is the death of bone tissue generally due to a lack of blood supply. It is also known as osteonecrosis, it can lead to tiny breaks in the bone eventual collapse of bones. It is self-explanatory that this can cause shoulder pain.
  • Brachial plexus injury: It is an injury in the network of nerves that sends signals from your spine to your shoulder, arm and hand occurs when these nerves are compressed, stretched, or ripped apart or torn away from the spinal cord.
  • Broken arm: Of course, a broken arm can cause a shoulder pain and often a painful one.
  • Bursitis: It is a painful condition that affects the bursae (small, fluid-filled sacs which cushion the bones, muscles and tendons near your joints). This occurs when bursae becomes inflamed.
  • Cervical radiculopathy: This occurs when a nerve in the neck is irritated or compressed where it branches away from the spinal cord. This can cause a severe pain in shoulder and needs immediate medical attention.
  • Dislocated shoulder: We all have seen dislocated arms in movies and we can see how painful it looks. Or, some of you may even have experienced it. There is severe pain and it also requires prompt medical attention.
  • Frozen shoulder: Frozen shoulder also known by doctors as adhesive capsulitis is stiffness, pain, and limited range of movement condition in your shoulder that causes pain, stiffness, and limited range of movement. It might happen due to an injury or due to other diseases like stroke or diabetes. The shoulder movement becomes difficult and painful because of the stiff tissues around the joint. This condition stays for quite a while in fact up to more than a year and can be a very irritating and painful problem.It has been found that this condition generally occurs due to the following reasons:
    • Recent injury or surgery.
    • Age: People aged 40 to 70 years old are most likely to have this problem.
    • Sex: Women, especially in postmenopausal women, have been diagnosed with this problem more than men.
    • Other diseases: People suffering from other chronic diseases may face this problem.
  • Rotator cuff injury: The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint, which allows the arm to move back and forth. A dull ache in a shoulder, which worsens when you press it or sleep on it, can be a rotator cuff injury.This problem occurs often in people who use their shoulder/arms a lot, mostly sportsmen, painters etc. The risk of rotator cuff injury increases with age.Sometimes, rotator cuff tears might be result of some injury and in these cases, medical care should be provided ASAP.
  • Separated shoulder: Separated Shoulder can be a real pain in the neck as it is said to be extremely severe pain. You may experience pain in shoulder as well as portions near your shoulder.
  • Sprains and strains: Sticks and stones may not break your bones but sprain and strain can trigger pain. Yes, sprain or strains on your arm or shoulder during any sports or heavy activity can create a severe pain.

Treatment Methods

Here are some treatment methods for your shoulder pain:

A. Ice Pack:

Ice Packs can help reduce pain when the pain is not severe. It is obviously not a permanent treatment but sometimes can be as effective as painkillers. Apply ice pack to your shoulder with some gaps in time or you may have stiff shoulder due to cold.

B. Pain Killers:

You can consult a doctor to suggest you some good painkillers to keep you away from pain for a good deal of time. Use painkillers if the problem is persistent.

C. Shoulder Replacement surgery:

Surgery is only suggested in serious cases. Surgery can be done to replace the ends of bones in a damaged join. New join surfaces are created.

In this surgery, doctors replace humerus (the ends of the damaged upper arm bone) and usually scapula (the shoulder bone) or cap those with some artificial surfaces lined with metal or plastic and plastic. Shoulder joint components are held in place with cement. Or they can also be made with some other material that allows new bone to grow to hold it in place without the use of cement.

Precautions:

  • This surgery may not be right for everyone. Finding out that specific surgery is needed is difficult and if gone wrong can lead to complications.
  • Infections can occur after the injury so doctors generally provide antibiotics. Those should be strictly taken. Shoulder exercises
  1. Doorway stretch:

    • Spread your arms out to the side in an open doorway and warm up your muscles.
    • Lean forward through the doorway by gripping the sides of the doorway at your shoulder height until you feel a light stretch.
    • Do this with a straight back and make sure you feel a stretch in the front of your shoulder. You should not overstretch, so go easy
  2. Side-lying external rotation:

    • Lie down on the side opposite to your injured arm.
    • Now, bend the elbow of your injured arm and rest it on your side so that your forearm rests across your abdomen.
    • Keeping your elbow against your side, hold a light dumbbell and raise the dumbbell slowly toward the ceiling. If you feel strain, stop rotating.
    • Hold it for a few seconds and keep your arms in the starting position
    • Do it a few times every day. But don’t overdo.
  3. High and Low rows:

    • Get something sturdy and attach a resistance band at or above shoulder height. Make sure it is stable when you pull it.
    • Raise your injured arm and get down on one knee (one opposite to the arm). Rest your other hand on your raised knee.
    • Pull your elbow toward your body, do this by holding the band securely with your arm outstretched.
    • Squeeze your shoulder blades together and down as you pull but remember to keep your back straight.
    • Don’t move your body while doing this.
  4. Reverse fly:

    • Stand keeping your feet shoulder-width apart while your knees slightly bent. Bend forward slightly at the waist but keep your back straight.
    • Take a light weight in each hand, extend your arms and raise them away from your body. Do not lock your elbow while doing this. Squeeze your shoulder blades together as you do so.
  5. Lawn mower pull:

    • Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart. Place one end of a resistance band under the foot opposite your injured arm. Do this holding the other end with the injured arm, so that the band goes diagonally across your body.
    • Bend slightly at the waist (do not lock your knees) keeping your other hand on your hip just make sure the hand holding the band is parallel to the opposite knee.
    • Pretend like starting a lawn mower in slow motion, straighten upright while pulling your elbow across the body. But do keep your shoulders relaxed. Do this while squeezing your shoulder blades together as you stand.

D. Arthrographic distension (hydrodilatation):

Arthrographic distension or hydrodilatation can be recommended to treat frozen shoulder. A special fluid is injected into your shoulder joint at the beginning. A mixture of saline, corticosteroid and local anaesthetic is then injected into the shoulder joint which is done under continuous X-ray guidance. It takes about 15 minutes and is done under local anaesthetic. Physio therapy is suggested after this procedure.

E. Hyaluronate:

Hyaluronate is a medicine which can be injected into your shoulder and this can treat shoulder pain. Hyaluronate is very effective at reducing pain.
Osteoarthritis patients, however, should not use hyaluronate to treat their condition. This is because hyaluronate is not that effective in this case and there are other injections that can be more useful and effective.

In this way, you can fix your shoulder pain permanently or temporarily, based on your problem. The serious problems should always be consulted with doctors and should be given immediate medical attention.

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