Types of pneumonia

There are different types of pneumonia based on their respective causes. Here, they are categorized into their types.

Pneumococcal pneumonia

Pneumococcal pneumoniaThis virus is also called pneumococcus.  It is well known to have appeared in adults. To take some stats, 900,000 Americans are diagnosed with pneumococcal pneumonia annually, with up to 400,000 cases hospitalized and in those, fatalities are found to be about 5-7%.

The symptoms of this specific type of pneumonia may occur suddenly, presenting as a severe chill and later on adding a severe fever, shortness of breath, cough, rapid breathing, and chest pains. Some other symptoms are nausea, vomiting, fatigue, headache, and muscle ache and they could also accompany the original symptoms. In some cases, the coughing might produce rusty or blood-streaked

Pneumonia is swelling (inflammation) of the tissue in the lungs (one or both). It’s generally caused by an inflammation or infection – most commonly, bacteria and viruses, which are both contagious.

Catching pneumococcal pneumonia

The germs that may cause pneumonia are generally breathed in. People often have small amounts of germs in their nose and throat that can be passed on through:

You might catch the germs from people who sneeze and cough as these launch tiny droplets of fluid containing harmful germs with potential to cause pneumonia into the air and we may breathe that in.

Or, you might touch an object that was previously touched by an ill person and now the germs might transfer on to you if you take your hands near your mouth or nose.

Atypical pneumonia

Atypical pneumonia is a specific type of pneumonia that is caused by certain bacteria, which are: Legionella pneumophila, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. It is called known as “atypical” as its symptoms differ from other types of pneumonia caused by other common bacteria.

Causes of Atypical Pneumonia

Mycoplasma pneumonia is a specific type of atypical pneumonia which is caused by the above-mentioned bacteria M. pneumoniae. It specifically affects people that are younger than 40. Pneumonia due to chlamydia-related bacteria are usually mild and are diagnosed yearly in 5-9% people.

Pneumonia due to Legionella has more often been seen on middle-aged and older adults, chain smokers, and those people with chronic illnesses or a weak immune system. This type of pneumonia can be quite severe.

Possible Complications of Atypical Pneumonia

There can be some severe complications caused due to atypical pneumonia. Here are some of the complications mentioned below. Although these are some quite severe complications, don’t get overwhelmed by it as it can be cured with proper medications and diet and some healthy habits (which are mentioned below).

  • Conditions like myelitis, meningitis and encephalitis that directly affect your brain and nervous system.
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • There can be severe lung damage if the pneumonia goes untreated and the infection carries on.

When to call a doctor?

If you happen to develop fever, cough, or shortness of breath, you might have to call a health assistant or a doctor for assistance.

Prevention

  • You should wash your hands often and have other people around you do that too because pneumonia can be highly contagious sometimes.
  • In case you have weak immunity, staying away from crowded places and ill people is wise because this will keep you away from any sorts of germs.
  • Getting a flu shot every year can keep you away from pneumonia in most cases. You can ask your doctor if you require a pneumonia vaccine.

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