What causes Abrasions

Abrasions mean tear or cut which might occur anywhere on your body. But we are specifically focusing on skin abrasions. This article will guide you through the reasons that causes abrasions. Unless you are losing a lot of blood, you should be okay with these recommended home remedies for abrasions. We will also discuss briefly about the corneal abrasion which is a pretty serious condition as it is in a sophisticated organ i.e. the eye.

Causes of Abrasions

These are some causes of your skin getting tears or scraped off. This generally happens when normally soft skin gets rubbed on a rough surface. The wound thus formed can cause some bleeding depending on the force of friction and type of wound.

Abrasions are also called by some other terms or names. Such as:

  • Rug burn
  • Road rash
  • Graze
  • Scrape
  • Rope burn
  • Skinned knee

Skin abrasions are very common when you are participating in recreational activities like sports as most of the sports include rough and hard surface and risk of falling over and getting injured is very high.

Corneal abrasions

Abrasion is just a scratch and a corneal abrasion means a scratch on your eye. This can happen at any instant. You might have these when something gets trapped in your eye like sand or your own eyelashes. Also, light makes it difficult and it burns.

This abrasion is generally on the cornea of the eye. It is the clear layer which covers the iris, which is the colored part in your eye. Its function is to shield the pupil (the black circle located in the middle of your eye).

NOTE: You need to show it to your doctor if you are having trouble seeing even after a long time and if there is a lot of pain.

Treatment for Skin Abrasions

Here are some ways for treating the abrasions on your skin. If the abrasions are in a very delicate or complicated areas like groin, nose, eye, etc. you may need to get some professional help so that you do not mess anything up.


You need to clean the wound first to avoid any infection and go for any further treatment. So follow the steps given:

  • First of all, wash the affected area with non-fragranced antiseptic soap along with cool water.
  • Now, pat the area dry with a clean cloth.
  • Apply a thick coat of any antiseptic cream, petroleum jelly, or moisturizing lotion over the area for keeping the skin moisturized.
  • Now, get it covered with a sterile bandage or dressing yourself or by someone.
  • Make sure you change the dressing at least once daily.

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